This seminar will examine a range of indigenous texts, including wampum belts, winter counts, textiles, maps, pictographs, linguistic records and various narratives that were produced prior to 1900, asking: what counts as a text? What is literacy? What kinds of archives exist in Native America, and what can we know about the materials they offer? The reading list includes a mix of theoretical and primary materials, and students will conduct original archival research for their final seminar paper. Students are encouraged to share their work at a symposium that will take place in April in association with the course.